The term ‘vascular anomalies’ refers to a broad range of abnormal growths of the blood or lymph vessels, such as capillaries, arteries and veins.
There are two main categories: Haemangiomas and Vascular Malformations, and they most commonly appear on the face and neck. Haemangiomas are benign, fast-spreading tumours that contain blood vessels. They usually appear soon after birth, growing rapidly during your child’s first year, then from the ages of one to seven, the tumour normally shrinks slowly until it has fully regressed. Most Haemangiomas don’t require treatment, however once some have regressed, it may be necessary to remove any remaining excess skin or tissue.
Vascular Malformations are comprised of blood or lymph vessels that develop abnormally. There are many types of vascular malformations, some involving only the skin, while others can be extensive and may involve the internal organs and bones. Unlike Haemangiomas, Vascular Malformations continue to grow as your child grows and do not go away without treatment. The treatment options for vascular malformations are as varied as the many types of lesions themselves. Most are simply monitored, however, sometimes compression garments are used to prevent swelling.
Other intervention may be necessary and Mr Kode will advise you of the best option for your child. Other treatment options include laser treatment, Sclerotherapy (where a substance is injected into the lesion to shrink it), Embolisation (an injection to block off the lesion’s blood supply) and surgery. While surgery aims to reduce or remove a vascular malformation, some lesions are difficult to entirely remove.
For more information please contact our friendly practice team.